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Arieana Arabians ~ Heritage Notebook
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The Original Racehorse

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A Brief Look at the Polish and Russian Racing Bloodlines
in The Pedigree of *Druzba

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Almanzor

Almanzor (Athos x Mlecha III), bay stallion foaled 1909. Sire of Rozmaryn.

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Amurath Sahib

Amurath Sahib 1932 (35 Amurath II x Sahiba by Nana Sahib I), foaled in 1932 at the respected private stud of Breniow in Poland, was probably the best broodmare sire that Poland ever had; he also sired sons who were excellent sires of broodmares (see Darda). Amurath Sahib 1932 raced two seasons with a record of 24 (7-5-8)1. Despite the ravages of World War II in Poland and the resulting evacuations for Amurath Sahib 1932 to various locations, a total of 48 foals were registered to him in his 16 years at stud. He died in 1952 at age 20. Amurath Sahib 1932 was intensely inbred to Bairactar (a family renown for winning the Polish classic races). The sire of Amurath Sahib 1932, the bay Amurath II, was imported from Austria to Breniow in 1918. His dam Sahiba won both the Derby and the Oaks.

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Painting of Bairacter

Bairactar, progenitor of the oldest continuous sire line in Poland, was imported from the desert in 1812 by Baron Fechtig and purchased from him by King William I of Württemberg for his Royal Stud at Weil. Bairacter was so prepotent that he created the "Bairacter type" of horse, and through his many sons and daughters was probably Europe's most influential stallion ever. We find his sire line in pedigrees today mainly through Amurath Sahib 1932 and his many sons and daughters.

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Bakszysz

Bakszysz (Ilderim d.b. x Parada), grey stallion foaled 1901. Leading sire of race winners in Poland in the 1920's. Sire of Dziewanna. Also sire of the purebred Arabian stallion Fetysz who was much favored as a sire and heavily used in the Trakehmen Stud.

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Sorry, No Photo of Brda
is available to us at the time.

Shortly after the end of World War II, the chestnut mare Brda (Mersuch II x 21 Siglavy-Bagdady III) was rescued from a German pharmaceutical company which was using the blood of horses to manufacture vaccine (see Prologue). Brda's rescuers took her back to Poland and used her there for purebred breeding; of her three purebred Arabian foals, one of them was the influential Darda. In 1951, she was returned to her breeder and original home, the Babolna Stud in Hungary where she had been foaled in 1934 and originally known as 215 Mersuch-II-1. Brda also had another daughter who became highly influential in Russia's racing and breeding program, that being Angara, the dam of the Russian great racing sire Arax.

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Darda

Darda (Amurath Sahib 1932 x Brda by Mersuch II), grey mare foaled in 1950 at Klemensow, founded an excellent family in Poland as did many of the daughters of Amurath Sahib 1932. Darda produced a foal every year for 12 years; her daughter *Druchna by Rozmaryn was her 3rd foal. Darda's other well known progeny included her daughter U.S. National Champion Mare *Dornaba (by *Naborr) and her son Swedish National Champion Dardir (by *Naborr).

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*Druchna

*Druchna (Rozmaryn x Darda by Amurath Sahib 1932) was Darda's first-born daughter. Imported from Poland to the United States by Leon Rubin in 1972, *Druchna lived out the rest of her life at Sir William Farm. Previous to her importation, *Druchna was raced in Poland 20 times over 3 seasons. She won 3, placed twice and showed 4 times. Her record in the breeding barn was even better. Some of her more famous foals are the stallion *Druzba (by *Naborr), the mare SW Saruchna (by *Sambor) who is the dam of U.S. National Champion MS Santana, and the stallion *Druch++ (by Celebes) who was a U.S. Regional halter and performance champion and winner of 5 races in Poland.

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Sorry, No Photo of Dziewanna
is available to us at the time.

Dziewanna ( Bakszysz x Kalina by Ibrahim), dam of Rozmaryn, was also the dam of the excellent race mare, *Kostrzewa (by Koheilan I (1922) who was undefeated in her five starts and winner of the 1933 Oaks. *Kostrzewa was imported to the United States by Henry Babson in 1938, just one year prior to the start of World War II. Dziewanna was also the dam of the stallions Piolun and Skrzyp, both of whom were taken to Russia in 1939. We have been unable to locate any records of what happened to Dziewanna herself during the confusion of 1939 (see Prologue).

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Enwer Bey

Enwer Bey (Abu Mlech x Koalicja by Koheilan IV), grey stallion foaled 1923 at Janow Podlaski. Race record in Poland: 1/3 (2-1-0). Taken to Russia in 1939 (see Prologue). Sire of Taraszcza (dam of Negatiw).

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Ganges I

Ganges I (Hindostan II x Lezginka), grey stallion foaled 1901. Sire of Hardy.

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Gazella d.b.

Gazella d.b. Imported in 1845 by Count Julius Dzieduszycki for his Jarczowce Stud in Poland. Line foundress of great influence through her daughter Gazella I 1859. Strain: Kehilet Ajuz.

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Gazella II (1914)

Gazella II 1914 (Kohejlan d.b. x Abra), bay dam of Hardy and Taraszcza (dam of Negatiw), was bred at the Jezupol Stud by Count Ladislaus Dzieduszycki and foaled there in 1914. Gazella II 1914, along with Zulemja 1914 and her dam Pomponia 1902, were sold by their breeder to Mr. Przewlocki and then again to the purebred Arabian division of the Polish National Stud at Janow where Gazella II 1914 founded a remarkable dynasty of her own; her daughters especially were noted as outstanding producers, especially of superior sire. Gazella II 1914 was taken to Russia in 1939 at the age of 25 (see Prologue). Tail female line to Gazella d.b. Strain: Kuhailan Ajus.

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Hardy

Hardy (Ganges I x Gazella II 1914), bay stallion foaled 1926 at Janow Podlaski. Race Record: 2/5 (5-0-0) including Derby and 3 other Stakes. Hardy's time of 2:50 for the Derby (then 1 1/2 miles) was a record for several years. Used in Janow Podlaski Stud from 1931-1936; sire of Obra. Taken to Russia in 1939 (see Prologue).

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Ikwa

Ikwa (Koheilan 1 (1922) x Elstera by Ibrahim). Grey mare.  Unbeaten on the race track. Her victories included the 1930 Criterium Stakes and the 1931 Polish Derby and Oaks. Dam of Obra. Lost to Russia in the confusion of 1939 (see Prologue).

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Koalicja

Koalicja (Koheilan IV 1905 x Amurath "Radowce"), grey mare foaled 1918. Famed for her beauty. Dam of Enwer Bey. Although the Koalicja dam line was lost to Russia in 1939, this line in tail female to 6 Koheilan IV (through her daughter 21 Siglavy Bagdady III) was returned to Poland in 1968 when  Parma was obtained from Russia.

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Sorry, No Photo of Lagodna
is available to us at the time.

Lagodna (Odilgaard) (Posejdon x Obra by Hardy), grey mare foaled 1939 at Jablonka. Taken from Germany to Kirow Stud (USSR) in 1945 and moved to Tersk in 1948. Dam of *Naborr

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Mersuch II Mersuch II (Mersuch I-10 x Gazal-4), grey stallion. Sire of Brda. Sire Line to Mersuch d.b., imported to Babolna 1898. 
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Negatiw
Negatiw

Negatiw (Naseem x Taraszcza by Enwer Bey), the sire of *Naborr, *Salon, and *Bandos, was born in 1945 at the Tersk Stud in Russia. Winner of two races in Russia and also named Champion stallion at the State All-Union Agricultural Exhibition in Moscow, 1954, Negatiw stood at stud at Tersk for 11 years and sired 105 foals. Because his offspring did not do well at the racetrack, Negatiw was sold to Poland in 1962 at age 17. In Poland, where they were most anxious to have back a source for their lost Skowronek sire line, Negatiw was bred to a group of superior mares and fared much better there as a racing sire with his descendants often proving to be among the winners: his daughter Forsa (x Fortunata out of Forta) won the Oaks in 1974 and her full brother Figaro won the Criterium in 1977 with next generation winners in major races i.e. the Oaks, the Derby, and the Criterium. He was used at two different studs in Poland: Janow Podlaski 1962-1968 and Michalow Stud 1969-1973. He was still breeding mares when he died at age 28. (For those with interest in these things, Negatiw is 50% CMK by definition through his sire Naseem, but does not qualify as a CMK sire line).

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Obra with her dam Ikwa

Obra (Hardy x Ikwa by Koheilan I 1922, grey mare foaled 1933 at Janow Podlaski and pictured here as a foal with her dam Ikwa, was eight generations Polish, tracing in pedigree back to Sweykowska who was foaled in Poland of desert-bred parents around 1800. Obra was lost to Russia in the confusion of 1939 (see Prologue). Obra was the dam of Lagodna.

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Posejdon

Posejdon (Ibrahim x Najada), grey stallion foaled 1916 at Antoniny. Sire of Lagodna (dam of *Naborr).

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Rozmaryn

Rozmaryn (Almanzor x Dziewanna by Bakszysz). A 1935 chestnut stallion who became the progenator of the Abu Argub II sire line ~ a sire line which has now been lost in Poland, though Rozmaryn blood is still available there through the female lines. Rozmaryn ran for two years in nine races, winning, placing, and showing in three each. He stood at stud from 1941-43, and 1952-57, was leading sire for three years, and is considered one of Poland's greatest speed sires ever. In addition to his daughter *Druchna, other superior foals were his sons Falset, winner of the Criterium, and Otrok, winner of the Derby, and a daughter Fregata who won the Oaks in 1961. Fregata in her turn was the dam of racing winners Fama (by *Naborr), *Fladra (by Celebes), and *Florencja (by Negatiw, the sire of *Naborr).

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Sahiba

Sahiba (Nana Sahib I x Donka), grey dam of Amurath Sahib 1932, was foaled in 1924 at Breniow Stud in the Lwow province of Poland. Sahiba was the first winner of the Oaks and the Polish Derby. Sahiba is shown here with Teresa Raciborska, her owner and also owner of the Breniow Stud. The Breniow Stud was completely destroyed during the war, and Teresa Raciborska and her children were deported to Kazakhstan but survived the war. The fate of Sahiba is unknown.

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Taraszcza

Taraszcza (Enwer Bey x Gazella II 1914), grey mare foaled in 1937 at Janow Podlaski and the last daughter of Gazella II 1914. Taraszcsa, the dam of Negatiw, was one of the Polish mares taken to Tersk by the Russian army at the beginning of World War II. She died at Tersk; age 26. (See Prologue).

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Notes and photos for this page were derived from the following sources:

Dickinson, J.M., A Catalogue of Travelers Rest Arabian Horses 1947. Reprinted by the Arabian Horse Trust, Denver, Colorado. 1988. p. 50.

Edwards, Gladys Brown, A Photographic History of the Polish Arabian. Arab Ink, Rockville, Maryland. 1978. pp. vii, 14, 21, 64, 70, 77, 79, 87, 117, 118.

Parkinson, Marsha. "Bask++". Arabians June 1984. Campbell Co. Inc., Lake Orion, Michigan. pp. 97-98, 103-106.

Parkinson, Marsha. "The Elegant Darda". Arabians January 1985. Campbell Co. Inc., Lake Orion, Michigan. pp. 136-143.

Parkinson, Marsha. "Balalajka" and "The Platinum Cross". Arabians March 1985. Campbell Co. Inc., Lake Orion, Michigan. pp. 66, 93.

Parkinson, Marsha. "A Reputation for Speed". Arabians August 1985. Campbell Co. Inc., Lake Orion, Michigan. pp. 65-66.

Paul, Melissa. "There's Northing Like Nabeg". Arabians October 1985. Campbell Co. Inc., Lake Orion, Michigan. p. 98.

Perkins, Sandra K. "A Study of the Bloodlines of Arabian Horses in Poland". The Arabian Horse News February 1972. Boulder, Colorado. pp.35-37.

Szeptycki, Paul. Personal Correspondence. December 1, 2009.

Terry, Dick. "The Forgotten Stallion: Ibrahim". Arabian Horse World, January 1983. Article courtesy of Delores Lyndon.

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For more information on Arabian Horse Racing or the prized and cherished horses of Arieana Arabians, please contact us. Visitors are always welcome; appointments are appreciated.

Suzi Morris
ARIEANA ARABIANS
28952 Via Hacienda
San Juan Capistrano, CA 92675-5546
Phone: 949-248-1260
e-mail: arieana@fea.net

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Copyright © 2003-2012. Website designed and maintained by Suzi Morris and all rights reserved. This page created for Arieana's Racing Notebook on June 11, 2005. Revised with new information February 18, 2012. Updated and Current as of August 11, 2012.