"The Spoils of War"
A Prologue to Notes
and Photos in *Druzba's Racing Pedigree
from Arabians (January 1985) by Suzi Morris.
In 1939, as a result of an agreement between Russia and Nazi Germany, Poland found herself in a pincer grip between armies entering
her borders from both East and West. Russia invaded from the East, and in
the process, almost all of the precious Janow Arabians were removed to the
In the war years to follow, horses of value which
remained in Poland at government studs, on private farms, or with
individuals, were taken by Nazi Germany. The Nazis placed the best of the
bloodstock on their own stud farms throughout the occupied lands; the
remaining horses were used for whatever use the Nazis deemed necessary.
Among the Nazis' collection were purebred Arabians from Poland, Hungary
and elsewhere, Lippizaners from Austria, Thoroughbreds, and other
well-bred stock from Eastern Europe.
By the end of World War II,
the toll on horse breeding was unfathomable. Many studs, some of which
were decades old, had been totally destroyed and many rare and precious
bloodlines forever lost. What few Arabians horses did survive the horrors
of war, and expropriation to foreign countries (including the United
States), were gathered by Poland in an effort to re-establish programs of
Poland launched a search through what once had
been Nazi-held territory to find surviving horses that may have been found
by gypsies or left with farmers. Fortunately, most of the horses left in
the dismantled German "super farms" were salvaged. Gradually, a
nucleus of breeding stock was reassembled.
During this search, in
1945, Polish representatives discovered 14 mares in Germany who were
recognized as being high-bred, if not purebred, Arabians. The mares were
from the famous Babolna Stud of Hungary and were slowly being bled to
death by a German pharmaceutical company which was using their blood to manufacture
serum. The Poles saved these valuable mares through an exchange of 42
horses. This trade was to have a profound effect on the Arabian breed in
Poland, Europe, and the United States.
The 14 Babolna mares were
taken to Poland and eventually distributed among three farms which were
founded in 1948 while Janow was being rebuilt: Nowy Dwor, located near the Czechoslovakian border south
of Krakow; Albigowa, about 45 miles from the Russian border east of
Krakow, and Klemensow, near Zamosc and the Bialka Stud of today.
Hungary gave Poland the proper pedigrees for the 14 rescued mares. Two
years later, on December 13, 1951, Poland returned all 14 mares to the
Babolna Stud in order to aid in the renewal of Arabian breeding in
Hungary. In gratitude for saving and returning their prized mares, the
Hungarians gave the ownership of the foals produced while in Poland to
their rescuers. Brda was one of those Babolna
mares who was returned to her previous home and birthplace.
"The Elegant Darda" by Marsha Parkinson. Arabians January 1985.
Campbell Co. Inc., Lake Orion, Michigan. pp. 136-137.